Welcome to the AEC ESL Blog
Passive Overview & Examples:
CHAPTER 22 Vocabulary: www.townsendpress.net
Quiz tomorrow! Including 5 words from “Words to Learn By” Lesson 2: CONSISTENT / BASIS / ALTHOUGH / CONSEQUENCE / DETERMINE
As we get ready to celebrate Thanksgiving Day on Thursday, this is just a little reminder of our class schedule for the week. I hope everyone has a wonderful holiday, and we’ll see you on Monday, December 2nd.
Monday, November 25 REGULAR CLASS SCHEDULE
Tuesday, November 26 REGULAR CLASS SCHEDULE
Wednesday, November 27
Thursday, November 28
Friday, November 29
It’s the holiday season, and there are lots of places where you can share holiday cheer! Whether it’s to celebrate Christmas, Kwanzaa, or Hannukah, you can find a holiday event! Here are a few that are happening in the Triangle in the next few weeks!
The N.C. State Capitol Christmas Tree-Lighting and Holiday Festival takes place in Raleigh Dec. 12 from 5-7:30 p.m. The Governor and First Lady will light the tree during the traditional ceremony on the south plaza. After the ceremony, visitors are invited inside the Capitol for an open house to observe the holiday decorations. The Junior Woman’s Club of Raleigh will host a holiday festival featuring music and children’s activities on Union Square, in the museums, and on Bicentennial Plaza. nchistoricsites.org/capitol; 919-733-4994. – See more at: http://www.carolinaparent.com/articlemain.php?Holiday-Events-Santa-Visits-Tree-Lightings-Sleigh-Rides-Parades-3943#sthash.zfC6TdVG.dpuf
Yates Mill Holiday Bazaar, Saturday, December 7th, 10:00 – 4:00, FREE event, http://www.yatesmill.org/
The Christmas Carousel Holiday Festival at the Jim Graham Building/NC Fairgrounds, Thanksgiving weekend
Downtown Cary’s Ole Time Winter Festival Dec. 7, 10 a.m.-4 p.m., features arts and crafts, food, live entertainment and a visit from Kris Kringle. Families can experience old-fashioned holiday fun at the Page-Walker Arts and History Center, a historic 1868 hotel in the heart of Cary, from 4-6 p.m. The afternoon features horse-drawn carriage rides, craft activities for kids, Victorian carolers and century-old holiday traditions. The town’s tree-lighting ceremony takes place at 6 p.m. at the Town Hall Campus. See live performances and the unveiling of a community tree decorated with handcrafted ornaments. townofcary.org; 919-469-4061.Celebrate Hanukkah and Jewish culture at Cary’s Jewish Cultural Festival with traditional foods, crafts, hands-on activities and more Dec. 4 at 4 p.m. Cary Arts Center, 101 Dry Ave., Cary. townofcary.org; 919-469-4061.Cary’s 19th Annual Kwanzaa celebration, sponsored by the Town of Cary and The Ujima Group, is Dec. 30 at 5 p.m. at the Cary Arts Center. Ponder the Nguzu Saba — seven powerful principals derived from African heritage. 919-460-4963. – See more at: http://www.carolinaparent.com/articlemain.php?Holiday-Events-Santa-Visits-Tree-Lightings-Sleigh-Rides-Parades-3943#sthash.zfC6TdVG.dpuf
Hanukkah celebration and lighting of Cary’s first public menorah. Holiday songs, crafts, a dance machine with Hanukkah songs, traditional food and lighting of a nine-foot menorah. Cary Town Center. Event begins at 4 p.m. Lighting at 5 p.m. Cary. December 5th.
Family Hanukkah concert featuring Mishpacha at Quail Ridge Books and Music. 4:30 p.m. Raleigh.
18th Annual Kwanzaa Celebration December 27th http://www.townofcary.org/Departments/Parks__Recreation___Cultural_Resources/events/holiday/kwanzaa.htm
Downtown Apex ushers in the holiday season with its annual Christmas on Salem Street event Dec. 6. The evening features a tree-lighting ceremony and sleigh rides. Visit apexdowntown.com for times. The Salem Street firehouse serves a pancake breakfast for families Dec. 7, 7-10 a.m. Children can have their pictures taken with Santa and Mrs. Claus at the Halle Cultural Arts Center. The town’s annual Christmas parade is at 5 p.m. apexrotary.org.
Knightdale turns on the holiday charm with a tree-lighting ceremony on First Avenue Dec. 6, 6-7:30 p.m. Kids can walk through a caboose on the avenue to greet Mrs. Claus, view Santa’s workshop and write him a letter. Knightdale’s Christmas parade takes place Dec. 7 at 2 p.m. knightdalenc.gov; 919-217-2236. – See more at: http://www.carolinaparent.com/articlemain.php?Holiday-Events-Santa-Visits-Tree-Lightings-Sleigh-Rides-Parades-3943#sthash.zfC6TdVG.dpuf
Families in Fuquay-Varina can enjoy free sleigh rides in the downtown district and a tree-lighting ceremony Dec. 5 from 6-8 p.m. Bring a canned food item, which serves as a ticket for the sleigh ride, to benefit the Fuquay-Varina Emergency Food Pantry. The town’s annual Christmas parade is Dec. 8 at 3 p.m. on Main Street. fuquay-varinadowntown.com. – See more at: http://www.carolinaparent.com/articlemain.php?Holiday-Events-Santa-Visits-Tree-Lightings-Sleigh-Rides-Parades-3943#sthash.zfC6TdVG.dpuf
Holly Springs’ annual Main Street Christmas takes place Dec. 13, 6-8 p.m. The event includes hayrides, live entertainment, caroling and refreshments. Mrs. Claus reads stories and Santa visits with children at Town Hall until 7:30 p.m. The night concludes with the town’s tree-lighting ceremony at 8 p.m. at the Cultural Center. Holly Springs’ Happy Holly Days Parade on Main Street begins at 11 a.m. Dec. 14. hollyspringsnc.us; 919-557-3930. – See more at:
MORRISVILLE greets the arrival of the holiday season with a tree-lighting ceremony Dec. 6, 6:30-8 p.m., at town hall. Hot chocolate, cookies and a performance by a children’s choir highlight the event. The next morning, the town hosts a Winterfest parade on Town Hall Drive at 11 a.m., followed by a holiday craft fair at Cedar Fork Community Center from noon-3 p.m. Local vendors, food trucks and a visit with Santa round out the fun at the fair. townofmorrisville.org; 919-463-7102. – See more at: http://www.carolinaparent.com/articlemain.php?Holiday-Events-Santa-Visits-Tree-Lightings-Sleigh-Rides-Parades-3943#sthash.zfC6TdVG.dpuf
SMITHFIELD welcomes families to meet Santa, decorate cookies and sing carols Dec. 5 at 7 p.m. at the corner of Third and Market streets, and the town celebrates the season’s arrival with a Christmas parade on Market Street Dec. 12 at 7 p.m. www.smithfield-nc.com.
Pictures with Santa, performances by local choirs, horse and carriage rides and the lighting of the town’s Christmas tree comprise The Lighting of Wake Forest Dec. 6, 6-8 p.m., at Town Hall on South Brooks Street. The Downtown Merchants Association hosts a Holiday Open House that includes school and dance group performances, carriage rides and activities for all ages Dec. 7 at 10 a.m. The town’s holiday parade takes place Dec. 14 at 1 p.m. in downtown Wake Forest. www.wakeforestnc.gov/christmas-in-wake-forest.aspx 919-435-9415.
WENDELL ushers in the holiday season with a Lighting of the Square event Nov. 22 at 6 p.m. on West Third Street. Holiday entertainment, food, vendors and a visit from St. Nicholas round out the fun. www.townofwendell.com/discover/events 919-365-6318.
ZEBULON’S Christmas Parade is Dec. 1 at 2 p.m. www.zebulonchamber.org 919-269-6320.
How many times have you heard someone say something like “I’m gonna getcha……..”, and you have no idea what is being said? What the person is really saying is, “I am going to get you……” The sound of the words being cut off, chopped off, reduced in length, is called reduced speech. Americans use it all the time! When you use reduced speech, it helps you sound more natural, and less like a robot! It’s not the English you will see in an ESL book, or textbook. It is how Americans speak, and is very common. See if you can understand the following conversation.
|Brian:||Whenerya goin’ ta Peking?|
|Jim:||I’m gonna go on Sunday.|
|Brian:||Boy! I wish I were gettin’ ouda here fer awhile. Ya gotcher plane ticket?|
|Jim:||No. I’ve gotta gedit tomorrow.|
|Brian:||Whaddya hafta do in Peking?|
|Jim:||I’ve gotta giv’em some lectures, but I also wanna do some sightseeing.|
|Brian:||Where’ll ya go?|
|Jim:||I wanna gedouda Peking ‘n see the Great Wall.|
|Brian:||Okay, hav’ a good time.|
Maybe by reading the conversation you can decipher the meaning, but if you are just listening to it, it might sound foreign to the English that you are learning? Right? Now, let’s take a look at the conversation, as transcribed using the complete words. Do you understand this conversation better? It’s easier to read, right? But, when speaking Americans will usually sound like the first conversation.
|As it was scored:|
|Brian:||When are you going to Peking?|
|Jim:||I am going to go on Sunday.|
|Brian:||Boy! I wish I were getting out of here for awhile. You got your plane ticket?|
|Jim:||No. I have got to get it tomorrow.|
|Brian:||What do you have to do in Peking?|
|Jim:||I have got to give them some lectures, but I also want to do some sightseeing.|
|Brian:||Where will you go?|
|Jim:||I want to get out of Peking and see the Great Wall.|
|Brian:||Okay, have a good time.|
|Reduced forms: 46 (counting underlined words only).|
*this information from James Dean Brown @ http://jalt.org/pansig/2006/HTML/Brown.htm
What are some common reductions? Here are a few. Can you decipher the meaning of the reduced words? Leave the answers in the comments section, and I will post the answers in the next few days!
Reduced form: The complete form:
And lastly, if you would like to practice using more reduced speech, here is a great site. It includes a video, and multiple practice lessons. The speaker has on a weird hat and sunglasses, but other than that, the lessons are great! Enjoy!
When most of us hear the term ‘Black Friday’ we think of an epic shopping day full of packed malls and parking lots, mobs of hungry shoppers and plenty of deals to go around for everyone. Retailers coined the term ‘Black Friday’ many years ago. Now it’s plastered everywhere you look in the weeks leading up to Thanksgiving.
But most people don’t know why we call the Friday after Thanksgiving Black Friday. All we know is that this infamous day has become synonymous with one of the biggest shopping events of the year. Retailers like Walmart and Macy’s open their doors as early as midnight and you literally have to avoid being trampled at certain stores.
But where did the term actually come from and what does it mean for the businesses that hold these Friday mega-sales?
Companies Used to Use Ink
It might shock some people to think that accountants used to use actual ink years ago when adding up balance sheets. Red ink was used exclusively to indicate losses. When the balance sheet made it out of the red, accountants would grab a black ink pen and start tallying. This meant they were making a profit.
Black Friday was termed due to this phenomenon of sales going from the red into the black. Obviously, employees use computers for accounting purposes. And now Black Friday represents even more than that. Black Friday has come to officially signify the start of the Christmas shopping season. It also presents a unique opportunity for retailers to gain insight into what the holiday shopping numbers will look like.
Black Friday Indicator
It’s pretty much tradition now for most big retailers to open their doors extremely early Friday morning to let in hordes of shoppers. Obviously these businesses are interested in selling lots of products. But Black Friday is also used as an indicator to what the holiday shopping season will hold.
Based on the number of Black Friday sales, many retailers will calculate their Christmas prices accordingly. If they see that the economy is doing well and there are tons of shoppers out, they might be able to raise their prices a bit since demand is up. On the other hand, if Black Friday numbers are dismal, they might have to offer lower prices in order to entice buyers a little more.
So when you’re out and about this Black Friday, standing in lines and trying not to get trampled at Walmart, remember where the term Black Friday came from.*
*the above information is a direct quote from www.smartasset.com
The day after Thanksgiving is the BIGGEST shopping day of the year! People take advantage of sales and promotions! Some people shop at “big box” stores, such as Best Buy, Target, and Walmart. Others like to shop at LOCAL stores. Local stores are usually smaller, and have local owners; they are not part of a chain. Shopping at a locally owned store keeps the money in the community, and supports local businesses. If you look at these links, you can see some of the places where you can shop “locally” any day, but especially on Black Friday!
Every year in the United States we celebrate Thanksgiving on the fourth Thursday in November. It is a day when Americans gather with family and friends, to celebrate and give thanks for the good things in their lives.
Usually, we share a traditional meal that includes turkey and pumpkin pie. There are parades to celebrate the day. The most famous parade is the Macy’s Parade. It is on television and thousands of people in New York attend the parade. Some people watch lots of football too! How do you plan to celebrate Thanksgiving? Do you have a day of thanks in your native country? If so, how do you celebrate it? Tell us about it in the “comments” section!
For a more detailed history of Thanksgiving, you can watch this video.
When we use numbers in English to express the ORDER of things, we use ORDINAL NUMBERS. For example, let’s say you are in line to buy tickets to a concert. You are the number one person in line. We don’t say “I am one in line.” The correct way to say that is “I am first in line.” These are special words that tell us the order of things. The first twenty ordinal numbers are shown in the chart, but the pattern repeats for every ten numbers.
|21-twenty one||twenty first|
|22-twenty two||twenty second|
|23-twenty three||twenty third|
|24-twenty four||twenty fourth|
|25-twenty five||twenty fifth|
|26-twenty six||twenty sixth|
|27-twenty seven||twenty seventh|
|28-twenty eight||twenty eighth|
|29-twenty nine||twenty ninth|
Here are some links where you can practice using ordinal numbers:
It’s the middle of November but it’s already time to mark your calendar for the annual Raleigh Christmas Parade!
When: November 23, 2014
Where: Downtown Raleigh
Time: 9:40 AM the parade begins, and usually lasts about 2-3 hours
Starting point: Hillsborough Street at St. Mary’s Street
Here’s the link with the details:
Raleigh Winterfest in downtown Raleigh
“Experience the energy, vibrance, and cheer synonymous with the holiday season at downtown Raleigh’s favorite event, the Ipreo Raleigh Winterfest Celebration, featuring the official Mayor’s holiday tree lighting. Enjoy holiday festivities, including the ice skating rink, carnival rides, Santa’s Winterland, and outdoor movie screenings of Elf, performances, and a new beer and wine garden, offering local craft beverages. There will be a new #winterfestcheer Instagram contest for a chance to win!”( quoted from website)
Mayor’s Holiday Tree Lighting Ceremony December 7th, 7:00 PM, but WINTERFEST is from 11:00 AM – 11:00 PM
Raleigh also has a wonderful children’s museum downtown, near Moore Square, called Marbles Kids Museum. They have lots of fun family activities and special events that are coming up in the next month. To get all the details, just click on this link. http://www.marbleskidsmuseum.org/
Here are just a few things that are happening in December at the museum:
First Friday Kids Camp (the first Friday of each month) 12/6
An Evening with Elves (12/6) 6:00 – 9:00 PM This is a fundraiser event! $25.00
Gingerbread Jamboree (12/14 10:00 – 12:00, or, 1:30 – 3:30) Build a gingerbread house to take home! $10.00
- Wake Tech Career Focus Website: http://waketech.mycareerfocus.org/
- Occupational Outlook Handbook: http://www.bls.gov/ooh/home.htm
- “Last Kiss” Lyrics: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4447lT5GQOk