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Sentence Fragments Exercises: Work in Pairs
1. Complete the online exercises (2 links):
2. Correct the fragments to make them complete sentences.
3. Save in a Word document and email it to me: email@example.com
Interactive Activity: Sentence Fragments in Short Passages
1. Complete the online exercises and choose one passage from each exercise to rewrite with complete sentences.
2. Save in a Word document and email it to me: firstname.lastname@example.org
Sentence Fragments Parts 1, 2 and 3: (additional practice if time permits)
**If you finish early, practice timed reading on the Cengage or Marshall Adult Education links in the left column of the blog under “ERV Reading & Writing Skills”.
Look at the following words and see if you recognize what they have in common?
unbelievable, untouchable, antitrust, nonexistant, distrust, disengage, redo, retouch, recycle, undo
The answer? All the words begin with a prefix. What exactly is a prefix, you might be wondering?
A prefix is a letter or group of letters that you add to the beginning of a word. It gives a different meaning to the word. If you see a word that you don’t know, but you do know the prefix and the base word, you can guess the meaning.
There are many prefixes used in English. But, the good news is that there are about ten of them that are most commonly used.
These are the most commonly used prefixes with examples:
un- (opposite) uncomfortable
re- (again) revisit
in-, im-, il-, ir- (not) illicit
dis- (not) disrespect
en-, em- (put into) empathic
non- (not) non-denominational
in-, im- (in) impatient
over- (excessive) overzealous
mis- (bad or incorrect) misbehave
sub- (below) subzero
pre- (before) predawn
inter- (between) intersect
fore- (earlier) foreword
de- (reverse) degrease
trans- (across) transnational
super- (above) superhero
semi- (half) semicircle
anti- (opposite) antioxidant
mid- (middle) midlevel
under- (too little) underperform
What do you think these words mean? Can you use them in a sentence? Let us know in the comments!
For more detailed discussion about prefixes you can watch this video. It’s got lots of details and explanations.
Technology skills are important to have today. Here at Wake Tech our ESL students have an opportunity to practice using computers IN their classes. But, did you know there are other ways to develop your technology skills here at Wake Tech?
The first option for sharpening your computer skills is by using the open computer lab at the AEC. It is open every morning from 8:00 – 9:00 every day. If you are currently enrolled in ESL classes you can stop by anytime! Practice your English while using the computer. No need to schedule an appointment. You just drop in to computer class when your schedule allows. Any questions about the lab, just ask your teacher.
Another option for learning computer and technology skills is to take a class through Human Resources Development- https://www.waketech.edu/programs-courses/non-credit/enhance-your-career/career-development
Once you are on the HRD home page click on “View current schedule of classes”. Here’s what the site has to say about what they do:
“HRD (Human Resources Development) courses provide employability skills training and assistance for adults who are trying to find employment, transitioning back into the workforce, or working to redefine their professional niche in today’s global market. Classes are designed to address current needs and trends of the complex and constantly changing workforce. All HRD courses are fee-waived for qualifying individuals who are unemployed, “underemployed,” or who have received notice of layoff or pending layoff.”
Lastly, by visiting the HRD website, you’ll see other career skills development opportunities. It’s definitely worth a visit!
note: all photos by MFowle
The students’ art work in the previous posts was great, right? It made me think about giving compliments and what’s the best way to do it! In America, it is very common to give compliments to each other. This video addresses some of the things to remember when you give a compliment. Take a look, and keep these things in mind when you give compliments to others:
If you keep those things in mind, you’ll be just fine, and others will welcome compliments from you!
When someone gives you a compliment, what’s the best response? “Thank you!” That’s all you need to say, and SMILE!
One of the most interesting things about ESL classes is that people are from all over the world. Everyone has a story to tell, and a culture to share! Click on these pictures and learn about some of the home towns that our students represent! Beautiful!
After reading some Craig’s List advertisements during their class, level 5 students created their own advertisements! Click on the picture to see it in better detail. What new words do you see in the advertisements?
**photos by Cristina D.
Sentence structure, part 2
Last week we posted about the basics of sentence structure and word order. This week we are going to build on that, and focus on sentence structure with dependent and independent clauses. As a reminder, a sentence is a combination of a verb and a subject to present a complete idea. A sentence may be very short, such as “She ran.” Or, it can be quite long, such as “The beautiful girl ran quickly down the crowded street because a thief was chasing her.” Both of the above examples are complete sentences, but the first one provides few details. The second sentence gives us much more information. Today the post is about compound sentences and complex sentences.
A compound sentence is basically TWO sentences made into one sentence. It is two independent clauses joined by one of the following words: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so (FANBOYS=the first letter of each of the words). These coordinating words are usually preceded by a comma, unless the sentence is very short.
Examples: The sun is shining yet it is very cold. I like fall but I don’t like summer.
Try and make compound sentences from these clauses. Leave your answers in the comments section.
A complex sentence has an independent clause joined by one or more dependent clauses. A complex sentence always has a subordinator such as because, since, after, although, or when (and many others) or a relative pronoun such as that, who, or which. In the following complex sentences, subjects are in yellow, verbs are in green, and the subordinators and their commas (when required) are in red.
When a complex sentence begins with a subordinator such as sentences 1 and 4, a comma is required at the end of the dependent clause. When the independent clause begins the sentence with subordinators in the middle as in sentences 2, 3, and 5, no comma is required. If a comma is placed before the subordinators in sentences 2, 3, and 5, it is wrong.
Note that sentences 4 and 5 are the same except sentence 4 begins with the dependent clause which is followed by a comma, and sentence 5 begins with the independent clause which contains no comma. The comma after the dependent clause in sentence 4 is required, and experienced listeners of English will often hear a slight pause there. In sentence 5, however, there will be no pause when the independent clause begins the sentence.
Complex Sentences / Adjective Clauses
Finally, sentences containing adjective clauses (or dependent clauses) are also complex because they contain an independent clause and a dependent clause. The subjects, verbs, and subordinators are marked the same as in the previous sentences, and in these sentences, the independent clauses are also underlined.
sources: Azar Grammar, www.eslbee.com, www.about.com
June 6th is FIRST FRIDAY in downtown Raleigh! What does that mean? It’s your chance to be outside and enjoy the sights, sounds, and tastes of downtown Raleigh. Art galleries, restaurants, and music venues will roll out the red carpet for you! They have “First Friday” to encourage people to come downtown and spend the evening. There is something for almost everyone! You’ll see tents set up to display handmade wares, hear music in the street, and get the opportunity interact with all kinds of folks! It’s super fun! Come on down! http://www.godowntownraleigh.com/first-friday-raleigh
The R-line bus runs until 2:15 AM on Fridays, so you can park your car, and either walk or take the bus (free!).